1- Make sure your body and place of prayer are clean. Perform ablutions if necessary. Make the intention to perform your obligatory prayer.
2- Standing, raise hands up and say “Allahu Akbar” (God is Most Great).
3- Standing with hands folded over chest, recite the first chapter of the Qur’an in Arabic. Then recite any other verses of the Qur’an that you would like.
4- Raise hands up, saying “Allahu Akbar.” Bow, reciting three times, “Subhana rabbiyal adheem” (Glory be to my Lord Almighty).
5- Rise to standing while reciting “Sam’i Allahu liman hamidah, Rabbana wa lakal hamd” (God hears those who call upon Him; Our Lord, praise be to You).
6- Raise hands up, saying “Allahu Akbar.” Prostrate on the ground, reciting three times “Subhana Rabbiyal A’ala” (Glory be to my Lord, the Most High).
7- Rise to a sitting position, saying “Allahu Akbar.” Prostrate again in the same manner.
8- Rise to a standing position, saying “Allahu Akbar.”
9- This concludes one rak’a (cycle or unit of prayer). Begin again from Step 3 for the second rak’a.
10- After two rak’as, one remains sitting after the prostrations and recites the first part of the Tashahhud in Arabic.
11- If the prayer is to be longer than these two rak’as, one now stands up and begins again to complete the prayer, sitting again after all rak’as have been completed.
12- Recite the second part of the Tashahhud in Arabic.
13- Turn to the right and say “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (Peace be upon you and God’s blessings).
14- Turn to the left and repeat the greeting. This concludes the formal prayer.
1- There are five daily prayer timings. Formal prayers can be done during a window of time between the start of one prayer and the start of the following prayer.
2- If Arabic is not your native tongue, learn the meanings in your language while trying to practice the Arabic.
3- Software programs are available that can help you learn the correct positions and Arabic pronunciations. Better yet, pray with other Muslims to learn.
What You Need:
– The heart-felt intention to perform the prayer
– A clean body with correct ablutions
– A clean place to pray
– A prayer rug (optional)